BxSeqTools Ultimate Molecular Cloning Guides - TA TOPO Cloning

TA Cloning is a subcloning technique that doesn't the use of restriction enzymes and is easier and quicker than traditional subcloning. The technique relies on the ability of adenine (A) and thymine (T) (complementary basepairs) on different DNA fragments to hybridize and, in the presence of ligase, become ligated together. PCR products are usually amplified using Taq DNA polymerase which preferentially adds an adenine to the 3' end of the product. Such PCR amplified inserts are cloned into linearized vectors that have complementary 3' thymine overhangs.

TA Topo Cloning Construct Design with BxSeqTools - Get Started Now

Advantages of using BxSeqTools for TA Topo cloning design:

  1. Search and retrieve sequences automatically (No need to go to GenBank!)
  2. Review restriction maps and automtically select compatible enzymes.
  3. Automatically exclude enzymes that have internal sites on insert DNA or vector sequences (No more mistakes!)
  4. Automatically generate annotated virtual constructs (No more sequence copy-and-paste!)
  5. Save constructs in database for long term storage and data sharing (Teamwork !)

Overall TA Topo Cloning Procedures

Creating The Insert

The insert is created by PCR using Taq DNA polymerase. This polymerase lacks 5' to 3' proofreading activity and with a high probability adds a single, 3'-adenine overhang to each end of the PCR product. It is best if the PCR primers have guanines at the 5' end as this maximizes probability of Taq DNA polymerase adding the terminal adenosine overhang. Thermostable polymerases containing extensive 3´ to 5´ exonuclease activity should not be used as they do not leave the 3´ adenine-overhangs.

Creating the Vector

The target vector is linearized and cut with a blunt-end restriction enzyme. This vector is then tailed with dideoxythymidine triphosphate (ddTTP) using terminal transferase. It is important to use ddTTP to ensure the addition of only one T residue. This tailing leaves the vector with a single 3'-overhanging thymine residue on each blunt end. Manufacturers commonly sell TA Cloning "kits" with with a wide range of prepared vectors that have already been linearized and tagged with an overhanging thymine residue.

  1. Select a T-Vector
  2. Enter insert sequence and select cloning region
  3. Automatically generate both forward and reverse cloning constructs
  4. Automatically design PCR oligo primers

TA-TOPO Cloning is a cloning method that takes advantage of the terminal transferase activity of some DNA Polymerases that add a 3’-dA overhang to each end of a PCR product.  A linearized vector with prepared 3’-T overhangs facilitates ligation of the PCR product.

  • Vector: A linearized T-Vector contains 3’ T overhangs at both ends.
  • Insert: A Taq Amplified Insert contains 3’ A overhangs at both ends.
  • Cloning Results: insert DNA is added either in forward orientation or reverse orientation to the end of linearized vector.

Technical Notes: Taq polymerase has a nontemplate-dependent terminal transferase activity that adds a single deoxyadenosine (A) to the 3´ ends of PCR products. The linearized vector supplied has single, overhanging 3´ deoxythymidine (T) residues. This allows PCR inserts to ligate efficiently with the vector. Topoisomerase I from Vaccinia virus binds to duplex DNA at specific sites and cleaves the phosphodiester backbone after 5'-CCCTT in one strand. The energy from the broken phosphodiester backbone is conserved by formation of a covalent bond between the 3' phosphate of the cleaved strand and a tyrosyl residue (Tyr-274) of topoisomerase I. The phospho-tyrosyl bond between the DNA and enzyme can subsequently be attacked by the 5' hydroxyl of the original cleaved strand, reversing the reaction and releasing topoisomerase.

Example Linearized T-Vector:

Linearized T-Vector pCR8/GW-TOPO:

5'  AGGGCGAAT...CGCCCTT 3'
    |||||||||...||||||
3' TTCCCGTTTA...GCGGGA 5'

In Lasergene (DNAStar), the sequence of Linearized T-Vector pCR8/GW-TOPO is shown as

5'  AGGGCGAAT...CGCCCTT 3'

In VectorNTI (Invitrogen), the sequence of Linearized T-Vector pCR8/GW-TOPO is shown as

5' AAGGGCGAAT...CGCCCTT 3' (extra base at the 5' end)

In BxSeqTools, we assume that the T-Vector sequence is stored as in VectorNTI (with extra base at the 5' end).

 
Example PCR product (the coding region of human Cdk9):

The coding region of human Cdk9:

5' ATGGCAAAGC...GTCTTCTGA

PCR product with Taq polymerase (notice the extra A at the 3'-end):

5'  ATGGCAAAGC...GTCTTCTGAA 3'
    ||||||||||...|||||||||
3' ATACCGTTTCG...CAGAAGACT  5'

 
Example TA-TOPO cloning (circular construct, but here shown in linear format):

Forward Orientation Construct:

5' AAGGGCGAAT...CGCCCTTATGGCAAAGC...GTCTTCTGA 3'
   ||||||||||...|||||||||||||||||...|||||||||
3' TTCCCGTTTA...GCGGGAATACCGTTTCG...CAGAAGACT 5'

    <=  Vector Seq  => <= Insert Sequence  =>

 

Reverse Orientation Construct:

5' AAGGGCGAAT...CGCCCTTTCAGAAGAC...GCTTTGCCAT 3'
   ||||||||||...||||||||||||||||...||||||||||
3' TTCCCGTTTA...GCGGGAAAGTCTTCTG...CGAAACGGTA 5'

    <=  Vector Seq  => <= Insert Sequence  =>

 
Read more on Wikipedia about TA TOPO Cloning

References